Who doesn’t know stocks? An investment that in recent years in Indonesia is on the rise. Investment is used by the community to develop an asset. Asset development can affect your life to be more prosperous later.
Among the types of investment in Indonesia, stock investment is still the most popular. However, to invest in stocks you can’t be careless, especially if you want to develop assets through large amounts of stock.
There are several things that you should know about stock investing first, such as understanding, types, examples, and also the advantages or disadvantages caused by stock investments.
What is Stock Investment?
Quoting from Investopedia, investment is a way for you to set aside some of your assets or money in one of the financial markets at a certain time and reap it at a later time. Of course, a healthy stock investment will make your money profitable.
Then, what is stock? Stock Investment is financial market instrument in the form of a sign of a person’s or business entity’s capital participation in a company or limited liability company.
With this stock investment, you also have a claim on assets, company income, and also have the right to attend the General Meeting of Shareholders (GMS).
The purpose of stocks is also usually used to find income or long-term investment. Then, this stock investment is also the company that will manage the assets or capital you deposit, and usually stock investments are used for certain purposes in the future.
Types of Stock Investments You Should Know
After knowing what stock investment is, the next step is that you have to know the types of stock investments circulating in the money market. Reporting from OCBC Nisp, there are several types of shares that are distinguished from their ownership, trading performance, and how they are transferred.
1. Common Stock
Common stock or common stock is a type of stock based on ownership, common stock can be ownership claims by adjusting the losses and profits owned by the company. Examples of common stock or common stock are warrants.
With common stock, shareholders have limited liability. For example, if a company that provides shares goes bankrupt, the shareholders will only get the last priority in the distribution of company profits.
2. Preferred Stock
The next stock investment is preferred stock investment or preferred stock which is a combination of bonds with common stock investments, therefore the interest generated from preferred stock investments will be fixed. You can usually find preferred stock on the Indonesian stock exchange with a 4-letter code or an additional letter ‘P’ behind it.
3. Shares on Show
Stock investments on this show are also usually referred to as bearer stocks, these stock investments also usually do not have a written ownership name. The reason is that it is easy to transfer without going through a legal entity.
4. on behalf of
As the name implies, stock investment in the name has written evidence in its ownership. To move or transfer, of course, must go through a legal entity.
5. Income Stock
Income stock investments are stocks that usually pay higher profits or dividends than the previous period. This makes the income stock always increase in each period.
6. Growth Stock
Growth stocks are stock investments that have high stock growth. However, usually not all high-ranking companies have growth stocks.
Growth stock is divided into two, namely Well-Know, growth stock originating from the company is quite high. Meanwhile, lesser-knows usually come from growth stocks that are less popular companies.
7. Blue Chip Stocks
This stock investment is usually issued by a high company or has a stable income and is also consistent in paying profit sharing. This type of stock investment is also often targeted by investors.
8. Counter Cyclical One stock
investment that will have no effect on the ups and downs of an economy is counter cyclical stocks. So that the conditionwill always be stable, but the profit of the counter cyclical stock is adjusted to the company that issued the shares.
9. Speculative Stocks
The last type of stock investment is speculative stocks that provide inconsistent returns, but have high returns.
Advantages of Stock Investment
It is mentioned that this stock investment will be very influential for prosperous finances later. According to the Indonesia Stock Exchange, there are three stock benefits that can be obtained from investors or you who buy shares.
1. Capital Gain
The first advantage of stock investment is capital gain, which is the difference between the selling price and the purchase price. Capital gains also usually come from stock trading activities in the secondary market.
Stock investment also has advantages in the form of dividends, namely the distribution of profits by the company which of course also by the company itself. The distribution of this dividend must obtain the approval of the shareholders in the GMS.
Dividends given by companies are usually given in the form of cash or stock dividends. Of course, if it is in cash, it is in the form of rupiah. Meanwhile, stock dividends will be in the form of shares which will later be added to the shares owned by investors.
3. Can be done anywhere
Investing in stocks can be done anytime and anywhere. Purchases of shares are also mostly done online starting from the sale to the purchase. So it will not interfere with your activities.
In addition to the advantages, investing in stocks also has risks that you must avoid:
1. Capital Loss
In contrast to capital gains, capital loss is a condition in which investors sell their shares lower than the previous purchase price.
2. Liquidity Risk
Shareholders can get last priority after if the company whose shares are owned is bankrupt by the court. If the company still has the remaining assets, it can also be divided in its entirety among all shareholders. However, this claim must be made when the company has fulfilled its obligations.
So, you must continue to follow the development of the company from the shares you own. It should also be remembered that the shares outstanding in the secondary market will always increase and decrease.
What is the Difference Between Stock Investing and Stock Trading?
Maybe you often hear stock investing and stock trading, namely the first, the stock trading period will be shorter than stock investment, stock trading also has more of a goal to make a profit from the number of shares bought. Meanwhile, stock investment emphasizes long-term profits.
Finally, traders who trade stocks will not get the advantages of stock investments such as dividends, bonuses, and stock splits.
It is also important to remember that when investing in stocks, have to deposit capital assets that are not from emergency fund money or give all the capital you have, because this stock investment will have ups and downs of activity.